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   자기소개서 작성 요령

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자기소개서 (SOP) 작성 요령


1. 자기소개서란?
2. 분량
3. SOP에 들어가는 주요구성
4. 자기소개서 샘플보기





1. 자기소개서 (Study Plan , Statement of Purpose, Personal Statement)
자기소개서 및 학업계획서는 주로 Statement of Purpose(SOP)로 줄여서 주로 언급되며, Personal Statement로 표현되기도 한다. 외국대학의 입학 사정중 성적을 제외한 추천서와 가장 중요한 서류중의 하나임으로 지원자는 매우 신중한 작성을 요한다. 외국 학생들은 시험공부를 1-2달하고, 이 자기소개서나 기타 서류작성에 서너달을 투자할 만큼, 우리나라학생과는 달리 그만큼 공을 들인다는 사실을 명심해야 할 것이다. 특히 MBA와 같은 미국의 경영대학원에 지원하는 경우, essay비중이 입학사정에 절대적으로 작용하므로, 시험과 버금가는 충분한 정보와 노력으로 각 대학별 주제별 에세이에 철저히 준비해야 한다.

2. 분량
보통 SOP는 350-500자를 대부분 요구하며, 학교에 따라서, 1000자정도를 요구하는 학교도 있다. MBA의 경우는 각 factor에 대한 구체적으로 질문하며, 서너장씩 작성하는 경우도 생긴다. 쉽게 말해서 일반대학원은 위에서 말한 내용을 포괄적으로 잘 구성해서 A4 1장 반에서 2장정도로 잘 요약해서 써야 하고, MBA의 경우는 특정주제를 띠는 factor별로 자세하게 작성하면 된다. TOP 10 Business school에 대해서는 essay작성에만 2-3달이상 공을 들여야 한다고 알려져 있으며, 최근 그 중요성이 부쩍 강조되고 있다. 여기서는 보편적인 statement of purpose에 회자되는 이야기를 중심으로 살펴보기로 한다.

3. SOP에 들어가는 주요구성
지원하고자 하는 학교의 faculty와 curriculum을 잘 검토한 후, 각 교수들의 관심분야와 연구분야를 세밀히 살펴볼 필요가 있다. 해당학과의 교수들의 profile을 최대한 활용하고, 주요저널에 발표된 관심분야의 교수들의 동향을 메모해 나가는 습관을 가지자.

예) 분량은 약 500자 정도 기준일경우
■ 성장배경 및 가정환경(우연성)-------------------------> 서두 1/5정도분량 (80-100자)
■ 전공의 선택동기 -------------------------------->
■ 대학에서의 전공활동 -------------------------------->
■ 과외활동 --------------------------------------------> 본문 3/5정도 분량
   (leadership 발휘기회가 있었는가?) 및 특기사항 (250-350자)
   (performance - 수상경력, 장학금 및 저널발표등)------>
■ 유학동기 및 연구계획 --------------------------------> 마무리 1/5정도분량
■ 앞으로의 포부 등 ------------------------------------> (80-100자)

4. 자기소개서 샘플 보기
반드시 이런 내용이 포함되고, 이렇게 써야 한다는 법칙은 없다. 학교별로 안내문을 잘 숙지하고, 자기의 특징과 상황, 포부 등을 한국말로 충분히 구성해보고, 영작한 후, native speaker에게 교정을 받는 등 자기가 하고 싶은 말을 충분히 전달하고 있는가를 검토한 후 보내길 바란다.

- 성장배경 및 가정환경(우연성)
자기의 관심분야에 대한 동기부여가 주요 관심사가 된다. 앞에 우리나라의 소개서처럼 학교가 어디고, 아버님의 고향은 어디고 식의 구구절절한 집안배경을 설명할 필요는 없다. 그보다는, 간단히 나의 주변환경에 대한 background가 진로와 어떤 상관관계를 보였는가를 자연스럽게 때로는 우연성을 띠는 것 같은 인상을 주면 무난하다고 본다. 표현은 대체로 since ... , I have been exposed to... or interested to.. have closely connected with..... dates back to my junior school..식으로 나의 어린시절은 전공을 선택하기 위해 난 여러 환경에 노출되어 있다거나, 관심에 빠져있었다는 식의 글이 자연스럽다.

I was first exposed to chemistry while studying it as a required course in
junior-high school. As I learned about science, I came to realize that the
study of chemistry consists of much more than mere knowledge;
Since my early childhood, I have been exposed to Quantitative method.
It derives from that my teachers in Junior & Senior high school were
mathematician, who influenced me naturally while in responsibility in my
class. I always remember my teachers helped me in applying of logical
method in mathematics to life style more than digital meaning and I had a
chronical experience of having good grades in school in mathematics contest
My interest in engineering dates back to my elementary school. Having had
a series of interest in making and assembling miniature toys and fixing
household appliances, I wanted to be excellent engineer. At the same time,
my parents not only encouraged me to sharpen up my curiosity in mechanical
things, but father, particularly, showed me an exciting world of engineering.
My father is a recoginzed civil engineer.
My life has been closely conneted with the atmosphere and I always enjoy
a variety of changes of weather whatever they are gentle or furious.
My contact with the atmosphere was very special. At nine years old.
Interestingly, it was shiny in my uppersky while raining far beyond the
Mountain. Far away, the dark clouds seemed to move slowly, but later I had
to run as fast as possible to avoid getting wet. After all, I got all wet
and that clouds passed me in a moment. It is still mysterious that such
a small and handy clouds could have swiftly run away. What happened to me
at that moment has never left me since and I came to have a habit to look
at the sky. I feel comfortable when I think, see and touch atmosphere, my
lovely friend 'atmosphere'.


- 전공선택 및 대학활동
위와같은 동기나 backgound가 대학의 전공을 선택하게 되었고, 대학내의 활동에 영향을 주었다는 내용이다. 지기만의 대학활동중 특이사항등을 중심으로 적는것이 좋다. 구구절절한 내용을 적을려고 하지말고, 강한인상을 받았던 과목이나, 선생님이나 책에서 감명을 받았다거나, 써클활동등에서 경험했던 기억들, 자원봉사했던 이야기들, 사회단체에 참여한 경험등등.. 전공이 상이하다면, 전공을 바꾸게 된 동기(추천이나, 기타 매스미디어, 사회활동에서 느꼈던점) 학업과 자신의 진로에 간접적,직접적으로 도움이 되면서 열심히 생활해온 모습들을 보여주는 난이라 하겠다. 꼭 하고 싶은말을 압축적으로 표현하도록 노력하자.

This realization intrigued and inspired me to pursue the systematic study
of chemistry at University. During my freshman year, and throughout my coll
ege career, I found I had a great enthusiasm for the study of chemistry.
I diligently pursued my class assignments and avidly read many relevant
books and periodicals. Although I often pursued my interests beyond the
required work, I nevertheless found that I wanted a knowledge of chemistry
sufficient to allow me to cope with more than just theoretical problems.
For this reason, I am presently seeking to continue my studies at the
graduate level.
My scholastic background in chemistry, which consists of theoretical,
experimental and advanced courses, has provided me with a solid basis upon
which to continue my studies. Morever, in addition to the basic undergrad-
-uate chemistry course (i.e. physical, organic, analytical, quantum
chemistry, and biochemistry, etc), I expanded my background by attending
extracurricular research presented by the faculty of our Department.
I've also interested in a variety of chances to experience public affairs
which give service to citizen, thanks to growing up under typical public
officials family. That made me major in public adminitration where I could
study in a variety of mechanism in organization & decision-making theory,
personnel system, financial system related to decision-making in public
organization.

First, the fact public organization has somewhat different situation with
corporation was interesting to me, but as time goes by to study deeply,
it was far more fascinating to me that if not understanding properly in
current and characters in financial system, public organization had hard
time in maximizing the efficiency and productivity, and only when
financial structure of organization and accurate Accounting-auditing run
properly, it could have good influence in final decision-making.
This interest let me have 'A' in all classes of Planning and Finance,
Financial administration whose main topic was accounting and control.

To fulfil my childhood dream of being an engineer, I managed to enter one
of the toughest institution known as Seoul National University.
Less than 1% of high school gradute can enter the SNU. At the universtity,
I majored Naval Architecture & Ocean Engineering, and I will be graduating
from there this comming February. As my academic record indicates, I feel
that I have successfully acquired a basic foundation of engineering
discipline. In addition, I believe I have solidified a breadth of
engineering discipline by studying other subjects such as 'manufacturing
process', 'data structure', 'database' and a number of subjects
in humanities.
During my junior years, I strategically put my efforts to understand the
basis of dynamics, as well as learning a variety of applications in
computer programings. Then among many major courses, I studiously
participated in the courses of dynamic meteorlogy, weather analysis,
mesoscale meteorology, chemistry of atmosphere, and general circulation
of atmosphere. But in case of the theory of 'predictability limit'
at the class of dynamic meteorology, I learned to accept the limitations
of atmospheric science.
In taking that course, however, I really liked to forecast by using weather
data and with an analysis of atmosphere. Research topic for tornadoes was
particulary attractive for me and I even struck with admiration to get to
know the National Severe Storm Laboratory(NSSL)
while preparing a term paper for mesometeorology, I often dream of working
at the NSSL as a researcher.

With passion and love for atmospheric science, I made up mind to keep on
studying this for the rest of my life, especially mesoscale meteorlogy.
In my senior year, professor Noh who emphasized the importance of computer
modeling in meteorology, severly pushed me to do programing by giving
assignments to complete more than thirty programs. I had to live with my
computer throughout the whole semester to finish all those programs.

Finally, I got 'A' grade in that course
(the numerical analysis of atmosphere) and gained confidence of programing.



- 과외활동(leadership발휘기회가 있었는가?)/특기사항(performance수상경력, 장학금 및 저널발표등)
자기의 특기사항을 PR하는 난이다. 학회할동의 장이나, 기타 작은 써클이나, 실험활동에서 적극적으로 활동했던 경험, 지도교수와 참여했던 실험들, 학회발표참여했던 경험, 수상경력, 대내외 장학금수여 사례, Teaching assistant, Reasearch Assistant경험, 자원봉사등 기타 사회적활 동 경력등 자신을 적절히 PR할수있는 내용을 담는것이 좋다.

① During my junior year I joined a lab-rotation program entitled " The study
of the model complexes of Ni(II) - containing coenzyme F430" Staying in the
laboratory, I was deeply involved in biominetic corphin macrocyclic ligand
synthesis and complexation. Lab works were pretty much focused on the
multinuclear multidimensional NMR data acquisition, processing, data
analysis and NMR-based structure determination. Academic achievement was
good, so I was able to present results in the Campus Academic Conference
held at the University. I gained further research experience through my
undergraduate thesis work. Early in my senior year, I began work on "The
model complexes of superoxide dismutase(SOD)" Under the supervision of my
faculty advisor of Inorganic Chemistry division.
This research consisted of literature search, synthesis of metal complexes,
structural analysis using X-ray crystallography, sand examinations of
spectroscopic and electrochemical properties. At eh 76th Korean Chemical
Society Annual Convention held on October, 19945, I formally reported the
progress of this work.
② Of course, Experience in participating in public affairs of
'93 Daejon International Exposition Organization Committee thicken this
notion, Organization renovation programs like National Performance Review
report of U.S, Newzealand's renovation program, etc included.
Most of all, academical opportunity of changing my major to business
field was made by my tutor in charge Prof, ........
He, after studying in U.C Berkeley(Ph, D) was one of few experts
in connecting with his major with public organization in the faculty of
public administration in KOREA UNIV in South Korea.

Through expert theories and cases-analysis in his class, I could have faith
in that we need more experts who can evaluate the auditing about business
area based on in public or private organization with the stream of
international accounting criteria in 21th century.

Having part-time Job in KPC(Korea Productivity Corporation), after
graduating, made me feel how important role the auditing to understand the
efficiency of organization do and how effective expert skill is in changing
financial structure to the better one in person, so frequently put a lot of
importance on financial statements and auditing through accounting-related
materials.
③ During my undergraduate, I explored extra curriar activities pertinent to
engineering. From freshman year, I participated in Seoul National
University Computing Club and promote club activity by being in charge
of having public relation responsibility. Another significant action is
that I managed to publish'Mathematica'in my junior year. With two other
club mate, we recognized the need of software package known as
'Mathematica'in Korea engineering climate. With this recognitioin,
we translated usage instruction and simplified user interface and
re edited for Korean audiences. Still another signicant activity is
that of constructing and installing database for the ...Co. Ltd..
It is being used as their backbone operation.


- 유학동기 및 연구계획(앞으로의 포부)
저널이나 학회에서 감명깊었던 교수나, 대학내에서 마음에드는curriculum 실험계획, 기타 학계의 영향, 한국에서 하기힘든 분야의 도전하고 싶은 희망, 학위과정이후 자신의 계획, 졸업후 한국에서의 활동계획등...........

자신의 향후계획과 이학교에 들어가고 하는 의지등을 표현하는 란이다. 지금까지 위에서 서술해온 acedemical background, social background가 이 학위과정을 이수하는데, 어려움이 없고 그동안 꾸준히 준비해왔다는 마음가짐과 성공적으로 이수하기위해서 열심히 노력해서, 학교의 alumni로써 개인과 학교, 국가를 위해 성실한 학자가 되겠다는 의지표현을 간략하게나마 당차게 표현하면 적절한 +점수를 받을수 있다고 본다.

① Because of these research experiences and theoretical backgrounds I now
wish to pursue studies on the structures and functions of biomolecules or
biorelated area of chemistry. The Chemistry Department of The University of
Houston not only offers such a program, it also enjoys a wide spread
reputaiton of prominence in this matter.

In addition, I have a great interest and admiration for the research field
of professor Roman S.Czernuszewicz.
I have been told that the goal of a scientific education is to prepare the
student to conduct research independently. I seek to attain that goal.
Upon receiving my Doctor of Philosophy, my intention is to return to my
country and apply my knowledge through teaching and researching chemisry at
a college. I will also seek to pursue my studies with the aim of applying
my knowledge toward the solution of specific problems found in the field of
chemistry. It is my greatest hope that my participation in such solutions
will contribute in some way to eh advancement of my country.
② And I expert my experience and academic background do good in .........
field. I hope to have reasonable experience in corporation and non-profit
organization after acquring ... through MA course, if possible,
I want to be an international expert who requires maximizing method
in efficiency of organization while making use of auditing and information
system based on the relationship between government and corporation
in Ph.D course.
③ My advisor suggested that I apply your university. For graduate training,
your rigor in academic demand and competitve nature of peer group,
I believe, would stimulate my motivaton in pursuing graduate discipline.
My goal is to earn Ph. D. in Naval Architecture. My professional interet
in R&d which yield and advancement of Naval engineering.


이상입니다. statement of purpose는 여러 예문등을 많이 읽어보신 후, 글의 구성이나, 논리등을 파악하신후, 자기의 입장에 맞는 내용 등을 충분히 한글로 표현하고 수정해 보신후, 영문으로 교정을 받으시면서 차근차근히 준비해 나가시기를 바랍니다.


 

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